tourist places in bihar

tourist places in bihar

Transportation in Bihar

Bihar is also an important transit point of Bihar for the tourists dropping in from the other states of India. Bihar is well-connected by air, rail and road transport.

  • By air



Patna has its own airport known as Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport or Airport Patna. It is a national airport and it is connected to all major cities of India via daily flights. Gaya Airport is the only international airport in Bihar and Jharkhand which 96 km from Patna. It is an international airport which is connected to Colombo, Sri Lanka through two airline operators: Bangkok, Thailand, Singapore, and Bhutan.

  • By rail

Bihar is strategically located in the main line of the East Central Railway and therefore connected with important cities of India and most cities within Bihar.

  • By road

The cities of Bihar are well connected by public transport including both private and government transport. The cities are interconnected as well as connected with the capital. The roadways also connected to adjacent states and regular bus service is available for different cities of adjacent states like Jharkhand, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh. The roadways also connects to Nepal. To boost the state roadways, the state government have introducedMercedes Benz luxury buses. The Mercedes luxury buses, 92 in number, ply between 17 routes including Patna, Bhagalpur, Gaya, Ranchi and Jamshedpur.

 

Pilgrimages[edit]

Bihar one of the most sacred place of various religions like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism & Islam, Many tourist travel to Bihar to visit their pilgrimage.

Mahabodhi Temple, a Buddhist shrine and UNESCO World Heritage Site, is also situated in Bihar. Mahatma Gandhi Setu, Patna, is one of the longest bridge in the world.

Hindu pilgrimages[edit]

A Mahavir Mandir, Patna having second highest budget in North India after the famous Vaishno Devishrine.[7]

  • Mahavir Mandir
  • Sitamarhi
  • Madhubani
  • Punausa
  • Buxar
  • West Champaran
  • Munger
  • Jamui
  • Darbhanga
  • Anga
  • Patna
  • Gaya
  • Bhabua
  • Thawe mandir

Sikh pilgrimages[edit]

The capital of Bihar, Patna is one of the holiest city in Sikhism, as The tenth Guru of the Sikhs Guru Gobind Singh was born here in 1666 and spent his early years before moving to Anandpur.[8] Patna was also honoured by visits from Guru Nanak in 1509 as well as Guru Tegh Bahadur in 1666.




  • Takht Shri Harmandir Saheb – is, one of the Five Takhts of the Sikhism. The Gurdwara at Patna Sahib is in remembrance of the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh, The tenth Guru of the Sikhs.[8]
  • Gurdwara Pahila Bara – commonly known as Gurdwara Ghai Ghat, is dedicated to Guru Nanak Dev, who during his visit in to Patna stayed here in 1509 and later by Guru Tegh Bahadur along with his family visited this place in 1666.[9]
  • Gurdwara Gobind Ghat – is where the child Guru Gobind Singh used to play with his playmates on the bank of the Ganges. It is situated on the bank of river Ganges and hardly 200 yards from Takht Shri Harmandir Saheb. It is also known as Gurdwara Kangan Ghat.[10]
  • Gurdwara Guru ka Bagh – This Gurdwara is situated 2 miles far from the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh.[11]
  • Gurdwara Bal Leela – This place is just few meters away from Takhat Patna Sahib. Guru ji were playing with other children during his childhoodied Gurdwara Bal Leela is also known as Maini Sangat.[12]
  • Gurdwara Handi Sahib – This Gurdwara was built in the memory of Guru Teg Bahadur. As Guru Teg Bahadur with Mata Gujri and Bala Preetam stayed here in 1728[13]
  • Gurdwara Taksali Sangat
  • Gurdwara Chacha Phaggu Mal
  • Gurdwara Pakki Sangat
  • Gurdwara Bari Sangat Sri Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji Chauki

Buddhism pilgrimages[edit]

  • Mahabodhi Temple
  • Bodhi Tree
  • Bodh Gaya
  • Gaya
  • Vaishali
  • Pawapuri
  • Nalanda
  • Rajgir
  • Kesariya
  • Vikramashila
  • Areraj
  • Pataliputra



Islamic pilgrimages[edit]

  • Sasaram
  • Maner Sharif
  • Bihar Sharif
  • Phulwari Sharif
  • Gaya
  • Aurangabad
  • Siwan
  • Katihar
  • Bhagalpur
  • Darbhanga
  • Purnia

Jain pilgrimages[edit]

The tallest statue of Lord Vasupujya, Champapur

  • Rajgir
  • Pawapuri – Bhagwan Mahavira, the last Jain Tirthankar, attained Nirvana from Pawapuri.
  • Pataliputra
  • Arrah
  • Vikramashila
  • Champapur – Champapur is a Jain Teerth Kshetra. It is the place where all the five kalyanaks of Bhagwan Vasupujya have taken place. The tallest statue of Bhagwan Vasupujya which stands 31 Feet in height was built in Champapur in 2014. The Panch Kalyanak Pratishtha Mahotsav of the statue was done from 27 Feb to 3 Mar 2014.

Other pilgrimages[edit]

  • Padri Ki Haveli
  • Hawa Mahal

Buildings and structures[edit]

  • Golghar
  • Patna Museum
  • Kargil Chowk
  • Mahatma Gandhi Setu



Museums

History museums

  • Bihar Museum – currently opened only partially and under construction, would be the state museum replacing Patna Museum.
  • Patna Museum – is the state museum of Bihar. It was built by the British during the British Raj in the year 1917 to house the historical artefacts found in the vicinity of Patna.[14]
  • Darbhanga Museum
  • Nalanda Museum
  • Bodh Gaya Museum
  • Vaishali Museum
  • Vikramshila Museum
  • Jalan Museum

Science museums

  • Patna Planetarium – is one of the largest planetariums in Asia.[15] The Patna Planetarium was dedicated to the Nation and opened for the public from April 1, 1993.[16]
  • Srikrishna Science Centre – This institution forms a unit of the National Council of Science Museums, an autonoums body under the ministry of Culture. It is located at south-western corner of the Gandhi Maidan.[17]

Eco Center[edit]

  • Valmiki National Park
  • Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary
  • Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary
  • Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan – is classified as one of the 16 large zoos in the country and is also known as Patna Zoo. This is situated on Bailey Road in Patna.[18]
  • Kakolat Waterfall
  • Telhar Waterfall
  • Karkat Waterfall



Fairs and festivals

  • Sonepur Fair
  • Pitrapaksh Fair
  • Rajgir Mahotsav
  • Patna Film Festival
  • Chhath

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